As we are in 21st century, physicians and medical researchers took special note of the state of health and medical care in most countries. If we look back over a century gone by, the comparisons of diseases are remarkable. In the early 1900’s people primarily died of infectious diseases. The four leading causes of death were pneumonia, tuberculosis, diphtheria and influenza and people had a life expectancy of little more than 35 years. But thanks to the discovery of antibiotics and advances in their development during the second half of this century, deaths due to infectious diseases declined dramatically, even after the AIDS epidemic of 1990’s. As we move into the 21st century, we find people primarily suffering and dying from chronic degenerative diseases. These include coronary artery disease, cancers, strokes, diabetes, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s dementia and macular degeneration, cataracts, rheumatoid arthritis, the list is very long. Even though the average life expectancy in India has increased dramatically during this past century, our quality of life due to these chronic degenerative diseases has taken a major hit. We are essentially “Living too short and dying too long”.