As stated earlier, when the retinal pigment and photoreceptors absorb light, the process forms free radicals. High energy ultraviolet light and visible blue light are especially capable of producing enemy free radicals in the retina of the eye. Patients exposed to this high-energy light over an extended period of time have a significantly greater risk of developing ARMD. Studies suggest that as we get older, the anti-oxidant defense system that protects us against the free radicals caused by high energy light waves declines significantly. This obviously upsets the balance our body creates between antioxidants and free radicals and leads to increased damage to the retina of the eye.
Many studies have shown that people with macular degeneration had low levels of zinc, selenium, vitamin C, carotenoids and vitamin E when compared to people who did not have macular degeneration.
Clinical studies examined the effects of supplementing individual nutrients to see if they could improve or slow down the development of ARMD.
We will cover the condensed compilation of the results in our next few articles.