DIABETES: FACTS

PROTECTING OUR MOST PRECIOUS ASSET: BRAIN
January 7, 2019
UNDERSTANDING DIABETES
January 11, 2019
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WARNING: DO NOT LEAVE THIS SERIES OF ARTICLE EVEN IF YOU DON’T HAVE DIABETES

Diabetes mellitus has become one of the most wide spread disease in existence. Over the past two decades, the world has seen the number of diabetes cases increase five times. In India alone, an estimated 1.5 lakh crore rupees are spent annually on treating diabetes and related complications. An estimated 72 million people in India have diabetes & there are approximately 32 million people who don’t even know they are diabetic. The more concerning is that increase of diabetic patients is 20-30% annually.

Even though diabetes itself is a big enough health problem, the side effects of the disease are equally ominous. For example, 1/3 of the new cases of end stage kidney disease are due to diabetes. Four out of five diabetes patients eventually will die-not from diabetes itself, but from cardiovascular disease (heart attack, stroke, or peripheral vascular disease) initiated by the diabetes. Did you know that diabetes is the leading cause of amputations and one of the leading causes of blindness in elderly?

Diabetes mellitus has reached epidemic proportions. When more than 90% of these cases known as type-2 diabetes, which was earlier known as adult onset diabetes, we must seriously consider what’s going wrong? Type-1 diabetes used to be known as Juvenile diabetes; this type of diabetes usually occurs in children and is the result of an autoimmune attack on the pancreas. This leaves these children without any insulin; therefore, they must insulin to survive. However, we are going to focus our attention in our topic to type-2 diabetes mellitus because this is the type of diabetes that is increasing to epidemic proportions. Why has such an increase in the number of people developing this disease occurred? Is there any way you can personally decrease your risk of developing diabetes? ABSOLUTELY