Several theories suggest reasons why we become less & less sensitive to our insulin over the years. But I truly believe insulin resistance is the result of the modern Indian diet. Through we focus heavily on cutting back on fats, our love affair with carbohydrates continues. What many Indians don’t fully realize is that carbohydrates are simply long chains of sugar that the body absorbs at various rates. Did you know white bread, while flour, pasta, rice and potatoes release sugars into the blood stream even faster than the table sugar? It’s true this is why such foods are called high glycemic.
On the other hand foods such as green beans, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, apples and oranges release their sugar into the blood stream much more slowly and are therefore considered low glycemic foods.
Our nation tends to eat far too many high – glycemic foods, which in turn causes blood sugars to rise very rapidly and stimulates the release of insulin. When our blood sugar drops, we feel hungry. So we grab a snack or eat a big meal, and the whole process starts all over again. After a period of time, the release of insulin has been over stimulated so often that our bodies simply become less and less sensitive to it. In order for the body to control the blood sugar levels, the pancreas needs to put out higher levels of insulin. It is these elevated levels of insulin that cause the destructive metabolic changes associated with syndrome X.