Modest exercise has tremendous health benefits and exercise is especially critical for the patients with Syndrome X or diabetes mellitus. Why? Studies show that exercise makes patients significantly more sensitive to their own insulin and is, therefore a critical part of the lifestyle change needed for diabetes and those who have insulin resistance. The exercise program should include a balance of aerobic and weight resistance exercise done at least three and not more than five or six times per week. It is important that people get involved in an exercise program that they enjoy. No one has to become a marathon runner. Even thirty to forty minutes brisk walk thrice a week makes a tremendous difference.